Hybrid Vehicles continue to the forefront. At the 67th annual Washington Auto Show took place in D.C. on February 3, 2009, automakers discussed hardwiring America’s streets and parking lots to recharge a fleet of electric cars that they hope to produce. Electric mileage currently proves to be much cheaper than gasoline as the electricity to charge the Cheverolet Volt’s battery to drive 40 miles costs only 80 cents. GM plans to offer plug-in hybrids rather than pure battery electrics and Ford, Chrysler, Nissan, Mini, Smart and others have announced plans to sell electric vehicles within a few years. Toyota has reportedly accelerated its plans to deliver of 500 plug-in Prius later this year and the trend is growing.[1. Source: PopularMechanics.com.]
Hybrid Vehicles developed as an alternative to over-powered automobiles and wasteful, polluting transportation vehicles of various types. This marked one of the early moves away from oil, which is the blood line of the former machine age. In the first year that the our Physical Low began, U.S. Congress enacted Public Law 94-413, the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976. General Motors spent more than $20 million on research and development from 1977 – 1979, Dave Arthurs of Springdale, Arkansas converted an Opal GT into a hybrid car that got 75 miles to a gallon, and Briggs and Stratton developed a twin cylinder four stroke hybrid car in 1980. Advancements in production continued from Audi, the United States Advanced Battery Consortium, Toyota. The Clinton administration launched the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) in 1993 which spent a billion dollars over several years and produced three hybrid prototypes of 80mpg cars. The first hybrid care available in the United States, the Toyota Plus, appeared in 2000 and the Honda Civic Hybrid appeared in 2002. Now hybrid cars, two wheeled vehicles, power trains are in production and Delta Airlines will be turning their Boeing 737NGs into hybrids in 2010. As soon as a Cycles enter a Low, it goes into a period of 3rd Quarter Reform: http://kalarhythms.org/cycles/universal.htm#3rd.