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American Cycles 1800s

These Timelines are a detailed look at the time and the influence of Cycles. Significant events of the decade are analyzed through Twelve categories that serve as a kaleidoscopic lens through time, (see the clickable links above), as well as the position of Cycles at the time, (see the clickable folder links in the upper left corner). You can read and link up and down vertically through this Timeline, or, you can go any Category and link horizontally to the same Category in other Timelines (links are provided at the head of each Category). This cross linking is designed to provide a fast and easy way to make reading fun and interesting.

See the go to Overview here link near the top for a brief look at Cycles for this decade.

See the Matrix links above left for navigating through all Overviews and Timelines by Time, Subject, or Cycle as described in Introduction to Part II).


Note to readers: Work from the Kala-Rhythm archives is being offered here in the Timelines for the first time. We are allowing a view into the Timelines now by posting both the finished and the unfinished pages of the Timelines as editing from our references continues.  Unfinished pages (like this one) contain raw data from history sources to which we give credit in our "biblio/webography". Check back for updates to this and other pages.

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1. Political  19th C. Physical Cycle top    


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Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

Jefferson Demobilizes Army & Dismantles Most of Navy in the early 1800s to bring levels to about one third of their previous numbers. He also urged Americans to avoid entanglement in foreign wars stating, "Peace... has been our principle, peace is our interest, and peace has saved to the world this only plant of free and rational government now existing in it..." This reflected of our first Physical Low in what will go on to become a consistent rise and fall military strength corresponding to the Physical Cycle.

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

Jefferson's Fiscal Retrenchment Reduced National Debt as the new administration abandoned the advancements and expenditures of the previous High to create leaner budget in the new Low of the Cycle.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

The U.S. Counter-attacked Tripoli on February 14, 1804. Tripoli had declared War on the United States in 1801 as Pasha Yusuf Karamanli demanded that U.S. ships pay more tribute to the pirates of the Barbary States (Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli). This was an External Aberration (and event that occurs outside of the influence of our internal rhythms). The U.S. Congress passed an act in 1803 recognizing that a state of war existed with Tripoli, but they did explicitly declare war (while the Physical Low was still in existence. Not until the Upward Crossover of 1803/04 did American naval LT Stephen Decatur launch an attack and win a stunning victory against Tripoli> U.S. forces went on to capture the seaport of Derna in North Africa during the subsequent Physical High in 1805. The peace treaty that ensued ended the Tripolitan War.

Physical High (1803 - 1817)

Louisiana Purchase Increased American Territory by 140% in 1803. This was the largest expansion of our territory in United States history.

Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin Prepossessed Federal Aid for the Building of Roads in 1802 and suggested that one-tenth of the proceeds from public land sales in the Ohio Territory be used for the contraction of roads from the Atlantic seaboard towns to the Ohio River.

Congresses Passed a Massive Public Works Project after Jefferson requested federally financing for same in 1805.

Construction of the Cumberland Road Began in Maryland in 1811. This wave of construction in the first subsequent Physical High since just after the American revolution was part of what has become a consistent wave of construction Highs and Lows that follow the Physical Cycle.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

Expeditions set out to explore the new lands to the west. The Lewis and Clark Expedition investigated the Missouri and Columbia rivers, and Dunbar and Hunter explored the Louisiana Territory in 1804. Zebulon Pike went on his expedition to the Southwest portion of the Louisiana Purchase in 1805, and Freeman and Custic conducted the Red River Expedition in 1806.

Congress legislated an organizational and legal framework for all military forces in 1806, thereby establishing the precedents by which these quintessentially Physically-based organizations.

Congress Authorized the Building of New Roads. In 1806 legislation authorized the federally financed Cumberland Road from Maryland to Virginia, and it authorized construction on the Natchez Road to run some 500 miles from Nashville, Tennessee to Natchez, Mississippi, following an old Indian trail.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

Congress authorized a Three-Man Board of Navy Commissioner, and the position of the Secretary of the Navy to oversee the Navy Department, to enhance the Navy in February, 1815.

The Mississippi Territory Was Divided in 1817 as the western part became the 20th state of Mississippi, and the eastern part became the state of Alabama.

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

General Jackson led Attacks on the Seminoles in Florida and Georgia in 1817. Crossovers bear the potential of leading to conflict.

Physical Low (1817 - 1831)

The Monroe Doctrine Marked Withdrawal to Defensive Positions for the United States in 1823 as we were less prone to aggression in the Low.

Disarmament along the U.S.-Canadian Border came when the Senate unanimously approved the Rush-Bagot Agreement that limited each nation to four warships on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, none of which would exceed 100 tons.

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

Connecticut Rescinded Property Voting Requirements in 1818, and in 1821, New York and Massachusetts did the same as the Physically based requirement were no longer a prerequisite in the Low.

Congress Made Trade in Foreign Slaves and Act of Piracy Punishable by Death in 1820 as the use the unjust use of force against others became somewhat less tolerable during Physical Reforms.

Physical 4th Quarter Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

The Federalists were voted on in the 1824/25 Congressional Elections and the Republicans Split as the entropy of Alternatives brought an abandonment of the past.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

"A Negroe Revolt" led by Nat Turner Took Place in Virginia in 1831 as the turbulence of a Crossover into the Physical High agitated the propensity for violence.

Physical High (1831 - 1845)

Congress gave Jackson Authority to Execute Tariff Laws in 1833 as the High increased the used of boundaries and enforcement.

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

President Polk Sent General Taylor and 3,500 Troops to Mexico in 1845 in response to Mexican attacks. The Mexican War latest from from 1845 to 1847.

The Militia in New York Responded to Agrarian Anti-rent War War of 1845/46 during the agitation of the Crossover.

Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

Michigan Became the First State to Abolish Capital Punishment in 1846 while enforcement declined throughout the low.

Thoreau's "Civil Disobedience" supported Passive Resistance to Mexican War in 1849

A Failed Raid on Cuba took place in 1851 when General Lopez lead a group of American in this unsuccessful attempt in the Physical Low.

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

The Free Soil Party Formed In Opposition to Slavery in 1848 in this decline or support for the use of force.

Congress Abolished Flogging in the Navy in 1850 in another move against the use of excessive force that declined in this Low.

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

The State Disunion Convention Preceded a Split between the Confederacy & the Union in 1857 which proved to precipitate the largest abandonment of the establishment in our history.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

A Raid on Harper's Ferry Precipitated the Civil War in 1859 when this Crossover followed the disunion of the preceding 4th Quarter and erupted into violence on the outset of the following Physical High.

Physical High (1859 - 1873)

Military Loss for Calvary at Battle of Little Big Horn, Montana, in 1876 were enormous as General Custer made an historic blunder of military tactics in the Low.

Physical High (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

The Economic Panic of 1873 began on September 18 and proved to be a serious downturn for the American economy.

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

The Whiskey Ring Scandal in 1876 brought serious reforms in which 110 were convicted on Liquor Tax Evasion.

Secretary of War, Belknap, Resigned to Avoid Impeachment for Bribery in 1876 amid the Reforms of this Cyclic Low.

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

"Mugwumps" of Liberal Republicans Began a Search for Alternative to the Political Machine in 1884 and the move from the status quo was again brought abandonment from the norm.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

Talk of War with Canada resulted from fishing disputes in 1887.

A Collapse of Land Values occurred in 1887 and proved to be one of the earliest of many such collapses that would occur during Physical Crossovers.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

The U.S. Department of Labor was Established by Congress in 1888 to set a quintessentially Physical Precedent in this Quarter.

"Separate But Equal" was Legalized in 1896 by the case of "Plessy v. Fergusson" made segregation legal. This precedent would later be ameliorated in future reforms.

1. Political  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

Frugal Etiquette, Reform & Anti-aristocracy were established means of the Jefferson administration after the elections of 1800.

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

Adams Requested the Resignation of Secretary of War & Dismissed Secretary of State in 1800 amid scandals as a mood of Reform prevailed.

Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

"War Hawks in Congress urged for war with Britain over shipping disputes in 1811. Adding to the aggression of the Physical High that Peaked in 1810. On March 14, 1812 Congress authorized a bond issue of $11 million to finance defensive military preparations requested by President Madison. This led to the War of 1812.

Aggression Against Tecumseh and the Shawnee Nation in 1811 was precipitated by fear among frontier settlers in Vincennes in the Indian Territory that Chief Tecumseh and his brother, the Prophet, would impose a threat by the Indian confederacy they were forming with Creek Indian tribes to the Southwest. Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory led a 1000-man militia out of Vincennes to the Tippencaoe and Wagash River junctions to with plans of eradication and they set up Fort Harrison 65 miles north of Vincesse in October, 1811.

Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

The "Era of Good Feeling" was how the Boston "Columbian Sentinal" described the Monroe presidency. Monroe received enthusiastic reaction as he traveled the Northeast and Midwest in the Summer of 1817.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

Senator Webster & Hayne Debated on the Doctrine of Nullification and States' rights versus federal sovereignty in January of 1830. The division of their argument revealed heated separation across the land over the issues.

Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

President Tyler's Whigs Ousted the Democrat's "Royal Splendor of the President's Palace&quote; as they brought about a more reserved style to the White House during the Low.

A Gag Rule was Used by the House to Avoid Anti-Slavery Petitions from 1836-44 as human rights took a back seat in the Emotional Low.

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

The Court Marshal and Dismissal of Captain Fremont on charges of mutiny, disobedience and prejudicial behavior in November, 1847, were an emotionally charged issue that brought intervention by President Polk on his behalf.

Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

The Emancipation Proclamation by Lincoln in 1863 strengthened the ongoing abolition movement and recognized human rights.

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

President was Lincoln Assassinated in April of this year in what proved to be one of the more Emotional and critical Crossovers in our history.

Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

The 15th Amendment Deliberately Excluded Women's Vote in 1868 as empowerment and recognition of typically declines in an Emotional Low.

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

The 13th Amendment (1865), 14th Amendment (1868) and the 16th Amendment (1870) to the Constitution did bring reforms during this Quarter which protected; against slavery or involuntary servitude, due process and representation, the right to vote regardless of race, respectively.

President Johnson was Impeached by Congress in 1868 on charges of violating the Tenure of Office Act. The president survived these accusations, however.

The Credit Mobiler Scandal of 1873 revealed that the government allotted more money than needed to subsidize construction of the Union Pacific Railroad as the Credit Mobiler Corporation was set up to build the railroad. Stock in the corporation unreasonably under-priced to government officials congressmen who provided the grants.

"Boss" Tweed was Convicted in 1873 of stealing millions of dollars from the New York City treasury.

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

The Civil Rights Act Passed that Passed in 1875 was Repealed Eight Years Later. Human rights is usually and advent of an Emotional High, yet the Civil Right Act of 1875 that was passed to, "recognize the equality of all men before the law," was passed in the Emotional Low during the 4th Qtr., a time of entropy and abandonment, not in the 1st Qtr. of Precedents when foundations are usually forged. Consequently, this precedent that came during a off time did not hold. During the Emotional Crossover year of 1883, in a crises in decision for humanity, the Supreme Court declared the Civil Rights Act to be unconstitutional.

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

Severe Riots in the Cincinnati over the corrupt legal system proved to be one of the lengthiest, bloodiest and most massive riots in American history.

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was Repealed when the Supreme Court ruled that it violated the Constitution during the crisis year.

Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

Courtship Becomes More Open & Sociably Accepted from 1892 to 1901 as the mood of society because more permissive and less restrictive on Emotional matters.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

The National Woman Suffrage Association & the American Woman Suffrage Association Merged to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890 after 21 years of independent operation. Rights and recognition for women typically rise and fall with the Emotional Cycle, and in the Quarter of Precedents and Unification, the coalescing precedent was set.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

Colorado and Idaho adopt Women's Suffrage in 1983 and 1896, respectively, as the liberation for women spread.

1. Political  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

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Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

In 1809, Jefferson Repealed the Non-Importation Act (of 1806) and the Embargo Act (of 1807) After they Proved to be Dismal Failures. These acts which forbade trade with foreign countries only served to devastate the business of New England merchants while having little impact of foreign nations.

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

The "Jeffersonian Revolution" brought huge reforms. In 1802 excise taxes were repealed, the Naturalization Act the the Judiciary Act (that had allowed Adams to appoint more that "midnight judges") were repealed, and the Alien and Sedition Acts were allowed to expire.

The 1803 Supreme Court Declared Unconstitutional and Void an Act of Congress When it Conflicts with the U.S. Constitution for the first time in the case of Marbury v. Madison. Under Jefferson's orders, Secretary of State James Madison refused to deliver signed commissions to Marbury and three other last minute judge appointees who join Marbury in his suit. Cheif Justice Marshall ruled against the suit and reinforced the concept of balance between the three branches of government. This decision also established the principle of review.

The House Impeached Supreme Court Samuel Chase and the Senate Impeached Federal District Court Judge John Pickering in 1804. Chase was impeached for partisan conduct unbecoming a judge and Pickering was impeached for unlawful decisions, intoxication and profanity.

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

1855 US's "Ostend Manifesto" Undermines its Attempt to Acquire Cuba

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

1863 U In Rare Mistake, Lee Orders Disastrous Attack, "Pickett's Charge"

Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

1870 Dept. of Justice Created

Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

1893 President Cleveland gets Repeal of Sherman Silver Perchance Act of 1890 in Spec. Session of Congress.

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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1. Political  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

Physical High with
   Intellectual Low
(1803 - 1817)

Embargo Act Crushed New England Economy only to be Repealed Following Year. In an attempt to force Britain and France to remove restrictions and cease interference with U.S. trade, the U.S. enacted the embargo. But New England merchants saw it as a move against their business and resorted to black market trade with Canada and elsewhere, France confiscated U.S. ships in European ports, and neither France or Britain suffered from the embargo. This proved to be an unwise decision that was repealed the following year by the Non-Intercourse act. The use of force and reinforcing boundaries was an advent of the Physical High, but the consequences were to hurt no one but the U.S. in the Intellectual Low.

Emo-Intellectual Dbl. 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1802)

President John Adams Requested the Resignation of Secretary of War James McHenry and Dismissed Secretary of State Timothy Pickering in May of 1800 when he became convinced that they were part of a cabinet conspiracy in collusion with Alexander Hamilton to defeat Adam in the upcoming presidential election.

Jeffersonian Reforms. The Federalist Party dominated the US until the Democratic-Republicans gained control with the election of Thomas Jefferson in 1800. The new administration strove for the repeal of primogeniture, (inheritance of entire estates to only the oldest son), and added the Bill of Rights to the Constitution.

Trirhythmic High   (xxxx - xxxx)

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2. Business & Economy  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

The First Industry-wide Strike in the U.S. came in 1806 when 200 journeymen shoemakers in New York City suspected that struck employers were sub-letting their work to other establishments. The Journeymen Cordwainer's Society of Baltimore obtained a nationwide strike order. Leaders of the strike faced indictments of criminal conspiracy in their attempt to gain higher wages.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

John Jacob Astor Established the American Fur Company in 1808 which proved to be the first of several companies founded by him, making him the leading industrial figure in the West.

The Boston Crown Glass Company Incorporated in 1809. It had been in business since 1792, it made the first successful window glass in the U.S., and its was said to be considered superior to any import, but it was in the Physical 1st Quarter that it laid down its charter of incorporation which suspended company taxes and freed employees from military service.

 

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

Cornelius Vanderbilt Expanded Transportation as he imitated regular ferry service between Staten Island and Manhattan in 1810, and later, ferry lines between New York and New Jersey, across Long Island Sound, and on the Hudson River. This led to bimonthly shipping routes between New York125 and San Francisco by connecting a land route across Nicaragua in by mid-century and regular passenger service to Europe.

Textile Spinning and Weaving Combined in 1814 in Waljan, Massachusetts when Boston textile manufacturer, Francis Cabot Lowell built America's first fully mechanized factory that encompassed machinery for both methods in the same building. Lowell also invented a power loom of his design after seeing similar machinery in Great Britain. He sequeled hi Waltham Boston Manufacturing Company with cotton and textile factories in the city of Lowell, named after him.

 

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

The Panic of 1817 resulted after Congress mandated that payments be made in hard currency. Since 1814 banks had been permitted to issue fiat money with no backing in gold, but banks issued many more dollar notes that they had gold in their vaults (in the Intellectual Low). After made their ruling this year a panic followed.

Physical Low (1817 - 1831

The First Recorded Strike of Textile Factory Workers Failed when it took place in 1810 in New Jersey.  The laborers were not empowered in the Physical Low.

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

We created new precedents in the the things we built as The Reaper was Invented in 1832, a 150-year standard for construction was set by Balloon Frame Houses in 1833, and the 1833 General Trades Union Formed in New York in 1833 and the  National Trades Union Formed in 1834.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

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Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 159)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

Construction on Brooklyn Bridge Began in 1869.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

National Labor Union Developed in 1855, the Brotherhood of Railway Locomotive Engineers Pioneering Union began in 1864 and the Knights of Labor Organization began in 1869 as labor broke into new ground.

The Bessemer Steel process in 1864 opened the way to massive production.

The First North American Railroad track was laid in 1964.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

The Railroad Network Linked from Coast to Coast with the Union Pacific & Central Pacific Railroads in 1869.

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

Reconstruction Era of the South Ended in 1877 and the project came to a rest.

Congress Forbid Fencing by Cattle and Railroad Companies in 1885 and boundaries are less defined in a Low.

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

The Progressive Movement Formed for Industry in the 1880s as a departure from past methods to rise with new innovation.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

12,800 Miles of Track Were Laid During a Railroad Construction Peak in 1887.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

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2. Business & Economy  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

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Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

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Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

A Caring Manufacturer, Francis Cabot Lowell, began his successful career as a textile manufacturer in Massachusetts in 1814. His paternalistic attitude toward his employees drew national attention and the town of Lowell was named after him.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

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2. Businss & Economy  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

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Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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2. Business & Economy  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

Physical Whatever - Emo-Intellectual Whatever   (xxxx - xxxx)

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Trirhythmic High   (xxxx - xxxx)

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3. Science & Technology  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

Yale Medical School was Established in 1810.

A Long Distance Balloon Flight of 1172 miles from St. Louis to Canada by S. R. Hawley and Augustus Post was completed in 1810.

The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia was founded in 1812 to advance natural sciences. This immediately popular and well supported institution quickly grew in membership and contributions. It expanded with the addition of another building in 1826 and it opened its doors to the public in 1829.

 

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

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Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

Railroad Track was Electrified in 1895, and a Railway Became a Subway in Boston 1897.

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

...

...

3. Science & Technology  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

...

Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

...

Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

...

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

...

Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

...

Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

...

 

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

...

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

...

Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

...

3. Science & Technology  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

...

Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

...

Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

...

Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

...

Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

..

Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

...

Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

...

Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

...

Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

...

3. Science & Technology  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

... 

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4. Mechanical  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

What May be America's First Automobile was Built in 1804 by Oliver Evans who was commissioned by the Philadelphia Board of Health to build a steam engine to dredge the Schuylkill River and clean city docks. The scow he built measured 12 feet wide by 30 feet long and weighed 15 1/2 tons. He also produced a 5 horsepower engine which propelled the scow for 1 1/2 miles down Center Street before fascinated Philadelphians. Evans even wagered an onlooker $3,000 that he could build a steam-driven vehicle that would go faster than any horse. The scow's drive belt was shifted to paddle wheels and the vehicle steamed down the river against the wind, passing all sailboats.

Other Steamboats take to the Water. Fulton launched the his 150-foot paddle wheel long steamboat, the "Clermont" that traveled 150 miles up the Hudson River to Albany in 32 hours in 1807. This craft, designed by Robert Fulton, was driving by a Watt engine at a speed of five miles per hour. It is interesting to note that the first actual steamboat was invented by John Fitch which he demonstrated on the Delaware River during the 4th Quarter of the Low Physical Cycle, but the vessels lacked reliability and it would become Fulton, not Fitch, who received credit for the invention is the following 1st Quarter of a Physical High with an event that is now considered to be the launch of commercially successful steamboat navigation. In 1808 Stevens launched his 100-foot long steamboat, the "Phoenix" with a low-pressure steam engine. He made it the first sea-going steam vessel in 1809 by traveling from New York to Philadelphia.

Eli Terry and Seth Thomas of Connecticut Began the Manufacture of Clocks With Interchangeable Parts in 1807. They completed a three year contract and produced 4,000 clock movements as we reached the peak of the Physical Cycle in 1810.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

The Cast-Iron Plow was invented by Jethro Wood, a farmer, in 1813 and patented the following year.

The 224-Foot Newburyport Bridge over the Merrimack River in Massachusetts became the most famous suspension bridge of 19th-century America after it was erected by John Templeman who held several patents on suspension bridge improvements. The world's first wire suspension bridge was built over the Schuylkill River near Philadelphia in 1816.

A Lathe for Making Irregularly Shaped Objects was invent 1818 Thomas Blanchard, Mass. inventor, designs a lathe for making irregularly shaped objects such as gun stocks.

 

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

...

Physical Low (1817 - 1831)

...

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

Early Trains are Powered by Horses or Sails on Wood Rails in 1826.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

...

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

...

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

Iron Replaced Wood on Railroad Tracks in 1844.

Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

J. Francis leads to Modern Engineering with "Lowell Hydraulic Experiments" in 1855.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

...

Physical High (1859 - 1873)

...

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

The First Battle Between Ironclad Battleships, Monitor & Merrimack took place in 1862.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

Thomas Alva Edison Patented Electric Voting Machine in 1868.
James Oliver's Chilled Iron Plow in 1869 Greatly Improved Deere's Plow.

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

...

Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

...

Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

The First Gasoline Powered Automobiles Were Made by Lambert & by Duryeas in 1890-1893.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

Langley of Smithsonian Institute Launched Steam Powered Flights in 1896.
The Submarine Becomes Gasoline Powered in 1897, and Electric Powered in 1899.

4. Mechanical  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

...

Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

...

Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

...

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

...

Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

...

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

...

Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

...

4. Mechanical  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

...

Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

...

Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

...

Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

...

Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

...

Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

...

Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

..

Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

...

Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

...

Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

...

Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

...

Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

...

4. Mechanical  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

Physical Whatever - Emotional Whatever   (xxxx - xxxx)

...

Physical Whatever - Intellectual Whatever   (xxxx - xxxx)

...

Emotional Whatever - Intellectual Whatever   (xxxx - xxxx)

...

Physo-Emotional Whatever - Intellectual Whatever   (xxxx - xxxx)

...

Physo-Intellectual Whatever - Emotional Whatever   (xxxx - xxxx)

...

Physical Whatever - Emo-Intellectual Whatever   (xxxx - xxxx)

...

Trirhythmic High   (xxxx - xxxx)

...

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5. Education  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

The First Bell-Lancastrian School in the U.S. opened in New York City 1806. It employed a monitorial system of mass instruction that reduced teaching costs as a practical application method of delivering education was devised to help costs in this Physical 1st Quarter.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

The First Bell-Lancastrian School in the U.S. opened in New York City 1806. It employed a monitorial system of mass instruction that reduced teaching costs as a practical application method of delivering education was devised to help costs in this Physical 1st Quarter.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

...

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

Football Was Prohibited at Yale in 1824 and violators were reported and fined in this Physical Low.

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

...

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

...

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

...

Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

...

Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

...

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

...

Physical High (1859 - 1873)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

The Morrill Land-Grant College Act provided for the endowment of colleges of agriculture and industry in 1862.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

...

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

...

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

...

Physical High (1897 - 1901)

The First Correspondence School Opened to Teach Miners Working Methods and to Make Coal Mines Safer in in Scranton, Pennsylvania in 1891.

The First College of Forestry was established by Fernow at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York in 1898.


Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

...

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

5. Education  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

...

Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

The "Connecticut Wits" Satirized Liberal Views. These writers of the early 1800s were also known as the "Hartford Wits" because where they were centered in Connecticut. They were an informal group who set out to modernized the Curriculum at Yale with a more conservative view of the Federalists and they attacked the liberal position with satirical verse. Some members entered politics. Group members included, Joel Barlow, John Trumbull, Timothy Dwight, Theodore Dwight, and Lemuel Hopkins. Low times are historically more conservative, as opposed to High times which are liberal.

The "Salmagundi" Series of Whimsical and Satirical Essays began in 1807 and became very popular. These informal essays that were also known as the "Knickerbocker Movement" reflected the social, cultural and political life of New York life at the time. Writers included Washington Irving and James Kirke Paulding and the mood of the time was to lightly mock that which was more popular during the previous High.

...

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

...

Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

...

Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

The American Tract Society Formed in Boston in 1814, in Philadelphia in 1815 and in New York in 1817. It circulated Religious Literature via circuit riders by 1817 setting a religious literary precedent in the early frontier. (In the following 2nd Quarter, they would become instituted in 1825).

American Bible Society was founded in New York City in 1816 mainly to increase the circulation of texts of the Bible to the poor.

The American Sunday School Union began in 1817.

School for Children Was Made Part of the Boston Public School System for children as young as 4 Years old in 1819

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

The American Tract Society is Instituted in 1825 after its earlier formations in Boston, Philadelphia and New York in the previous 1st Quarter. Instituting the Society allowed for its nationalization an improvements of the group.

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

...

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

...

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

...

Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

Orchestral Music Began in the U.S. with the Founding of the School of Music in New York in 1853. The arts and music consistently flourish in an Emotional High.

Education for Women The first medical school for Women, the Boston Female Medical School, opened in 1848 with 12 students. It would later become part of the Boston University School of Medicine during the Intellectual Peak of 1874. The first woman to receive a an M.D. was Elizabeth Blackwell who graduated from Geneva Medical College in Geneva in New York in 1849. Antioch College opened in Ohio in 1853 and welcomed male and female students. The Elmira (New York) Female College was established in 1855 and was the first institution of higher education of its kind to grant academic degrees to women.

Many New Colleges were Founded by Religious Groups in 1849. Among them were The United Brethren Charter of Otterbein University in Westerville, Ohio, The William Jewell College founded in Liberty, Missouri by Baptists, and Austin College founded by Presbyterians in Huntsville, Texas.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

Vassar College Is the First Women's College with Facilities Equal to Those in Men's Colleges. The School, established in Poughkeepsie, New York, by Matthew Vassar in 1861, became a model for improvements in women's education.

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

...

Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

...

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

...

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

...

Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

Sydney Lanier Published "Music and Poetry," in 1898 which argued for music education and chairs of music at Universities.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

The First Woman High School Principal was Carrie Chapman who was appointed to her position in Mason City, Iowa, in 1881. Two years later in the 1st Qtr. became one of the first woman school superintendents in the nation.

Mississippi State University for Women became the first state-supported women's college when is was chartered at Columbus, Mississippi in 1884 and opened its doors on 1885.

First Classes Begin at Barnard College for Women which was founded as part of Columbia University, New York City in 1889.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

...

5. Education  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

...

Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

...

Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

...

Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

...

Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

...

Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

...

Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

..

Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

...

Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

...

Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

...

Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

...

Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

...

5. Education  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

Physical Low with
     Intellectual High
(1819 - 1831)

New Hampshire State Lost Power to Dartmouth College in 1816 when the college brought suite against the state for amending the college charter with consent of the college. Chief Justice John Marshal wrote the court&39;s opinion that New Hampshire acted unconstitutionally by "impairing the obligation of contracts." The Intellectually-based college won over (Physical-based) power of the state.

Emotional High with
Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation
(1819 - 1829)

Sequoya Developed an Indian Alphabet that was used to teach thousand of Cherokees to read and write in 1821.

Troy Female Seminary in New York in 1821 was the first Women's Seminary.

Sunday School is Developed. On May 25, 1824, Representatives from many denominations in many states founded the American Sunday School Union to coordinate activates of Sunday Schools that were established initially to educate children workers of mines and factories. Under the church sponsorship, the soon offered religious instruction as well.

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives with
Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion
(1865 - 1875)

The Theosophical Society was Established as a Departure from Conventional Education by Helana Petrovna Blavatsky (also known as "H.P.") in New York on November 17, 1875. Goals of the Society were to; establish a brotherhood of humanity and direct opinion away from national views, promote comparative religion and philosophy, and increase interest in realms of "occultis." He promotion of belief in reincarnation was also a departure from conventional religion. Poet W. B. Yeats became one of the disciples of the charismatic Madame Blavatsky, as did famous religious leaders of the time like Annie Besant, Krishamurty, Ridolf Steiner and Alice Bailey.

Phso--Emotional High with
     Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives
(1896 - 1901)

The Progressive Education Movement took hold in 1896 reflecting a progressive shift to the future with experimental methods in the 4th Qtr. In 1896, John Dewey founded the Laboratory School in Chicago in 1896 to on theories designed to teach the "whole child", incorporating the physical and emotional, as well as the intellectual. Dewey believed that education began with actual experience rather that just learning traditional subjects.

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9. Religion & Spirituality  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

...

Physical High (1803 - 1817)

...

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

...

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

...

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

...

Physical Low (1817 - 1831

...

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

...

Physical High (1831 - 1845)

...

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

...

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

...

Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

...

Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

...

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

...

Physical High (1859 - 1873)

...

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

...

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

...

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

...

Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

...

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

...

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

...

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

...

Physical High (1897 - 1901)

...

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

...

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

...

9. Religion & Spirituality  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

...

Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

...

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

...

Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

The "New Light" Offered Alternative Freedom from Presbyterianism after it establishment by Barton W. Stone in 1803.

"The Rappists" Set up an Alternative Sect Community as Harmony, Pennsylvania by in 1805. They later moved and set up "New Harmony," Indiana in 1815, later sold to Robert Owens in 1824, then moved to Economy, near Pittsburg. It was a celibate authoritarian sect that declined after Rapp's death and eventually terminated in 1905. Interest in utopian communities often arises during the 4th Quarter, but unless these communities change into precedent-setting evolutions of themselves in the succeeding 1st Quarter of Foundations, they are likely to fail.

The 1st Annual Conference of "Albrights," formed their own German-Speaking Methodist Church in 1807 to split off of what they considered to be a lack of co-operation from the English-speaking Methodist Church. It was is later the named the "Evangelical Association"

 

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

...

Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

...

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions established in 1810 marked the beginning of wide missionary efforts in the United States. The Baptists also established a group to support missions in 1814 an the Methodists did so in 1819.

New Churches Formed such as the A.M.E. Church in 1816, the Unitarian Church in Baltimore under William Ellery Channing in 1819, and the African Methodist Church organized as the first Black church completely independent of white churches in 1816.

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

Orthodox and Hicksite Quakers became varied in 1827-1828 as did Old & New School Presbyterians.

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

...

Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

...

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

Massachusetts was the last state to Separate Last to Church and State with the Disestablishment of Congress of Churches in 1834.

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

...

Emotional High (1847 - 1865)


The Fouriest Movement of 1844, the Spiritualism Movement of 1849 and the Religious revival of 1858 marked the High.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

The Young Men's Christian Association founded (YMCA) was founded in 1851.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

The Ladies' Christian Association (YWCA), was a Spin-off of the YMCA (Est.1851).

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

...

Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

...

Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

Chautauqua Religious Movement in New York Helped Deal with the the New Age in 1874.
The Theosophical Society in New York, founded in 1875 was a Departure into Religious Alternatives Occultism.

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

...

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

...

Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

...

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

...

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

Gideon's Spin Off of Christian Commercial Men's Association of American came in 1899.

6. Religion & Spirituality  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

...

Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

...

Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

...

Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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6. Religion & Spirituality  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

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7. Arts & Design  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

The Empire Style of Furniture quickly caught on in America after 1804. This European style for furnishing, established by Napoleon, favored the classical manner for straight lines and minimal carving over late eighteenth-century styles. Combination of marble and brass, and ormolu and wood characterized a Physical High. Animal forms like claw feet and eagle hears combined with elaborate with decorative carvings. Upholstery included heavy textiles and interiors became more massive to work with the furnishings. Couches were modeled after Roman beds and bookcases took on temple-like facades. It was said that the the style took on the Napoleonic appearance of wealth and power (in the Physical High), but is did not provide a relaxed setting for social life (in the Emotional Low).

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

Wire Suspension Design Came to a Bridge in Philadelphia 1816.

Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

Greek Revivalism in Architecture and Furnishing Appeared in the 1820s.

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

The First Great Clipper Ship Built in 1845 to the advancement of the shipping era.

Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

Gothic Revivalism, Neo-Greco, and Romanesque Architecture Emerged in 1846 as the crafts drew from history.

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 159)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

Sullivan's Chicago Style of Architecture Abandoned Victorian & Romanesque in 1886.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

McKim Popularized "Shingle" Style of Architecture in 1887.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

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7. Arts & Design  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

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Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

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Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

Cup Plates Became the Rage in the second decade. Miniature plates with cup-sized cavities used as a dainty yet practical holder for cups from which drinkers sipped their cooling tea. The plates were lavishly decorated with a variety of detailed patterns. These cups went out of vogue in the succeeding Emotional Low.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

The Hudson River School of Painting Romanticized Landscapes in 1825.

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

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7. Arts & Design  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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7. Arts & Design  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

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8. Literature & Publication  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

Natural Sciences Grew in Publication as Francois Michaux, French botanist, published his 3-volume description of North American trees in 1810, Barton published a report based on his collection of fossils, Barton pubs a report on extinct plants and animals of North American in 1814, Jacob Bigelow, a Massachusetts physician, published "Flora Bostoniensis," in 1814 which served as the standard botany manual for years. Parker Cleveland, a Massachusetts mineralogist, published "Elementary Treatise on Mineralogy and Geology" in 1816 which was America's first book in the subject.

Medical Publications Came Forth such as "Medical "American Medical Botany" by Dr. Benjamin Rush in 1812 1817 Bigelow pubs the 3-vol "American Medical Botany."

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

William Maclure Published the First Detailed Geological Survey of the United States titled, "Gather of American Geology," in 1809. He prepared a revised edition of the Survey in the subsequent 2nd Quarter of the Cycle which he presented in 1817.

America's First Anatomy Textbook appeared as Wistar's; "A System of Anatomy," published in 1811. Dr. Jacob Bigelow also published his 3-vol "American Medical Botany" in 1817.

"Flora Bostoniensis" Became the Standard Botany Manual for Years after it was published in 1814 by Jacob Bigelo, Massachuesette physician.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

"Spirit of the Times" Paper was Founded for Racing & Other Sports in 1831.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

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Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

A Rise in Realism in American Literature in 1865 marked the High.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

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Literature & Publication  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

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Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

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Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

The First Religious Weekly in America, "Religious Remembrancer," was founded in Philadelphia by John W. Scott in 1813. Subsequent mergers with magazines led this to become "Christian Observer."

"Thanotopsis" by William Cullen in 1817 won acclaim from both American and British critics and was described as "much as if a classic temple had been exorcised from the wilderness by the strains of a new Amphion." This work' quiet reflections on death and nature started an entire school of American poets.

 

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

Southern Chivalry Aroses in Literature in the 1820s.

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

Oliver Wendell Holmes' Poem, "Old Ironsides” Saved the "USS Constitution" from Scrap in 1830 as America became nostalgic.
Anti-Slavery Literature came in "The Liberator" Paper in 1831, the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833  and the Underground RR in 1838.
"History of Women" was Published in 1832.

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

Dime Novels Appeared and Quickly Became Popular in 1860.

Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

John Fiske's "Outline of Cosmic Philosophy" Departed from Religious Orthodoxy in 1874.

Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

James Fenimore Cooper was established as a Romantic Author with the release of his novel, "The Spy," in 1821.

Forerunner to modern Comic Strips, "The Yellow Kid," Appears in the NY "World"

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

"Ladies Home Journal" of 1883 and "Cosmopolitan" in 1886 were the first 1st women's magazines.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1883 - 1901)

"Yellow Journalism" Derived its Name from "The Yellow Kid" Cartoon in 1896.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

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8. Literature & Publication  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

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Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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8. Literature & Publication  19th C. Polyrhythms top    
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9. Entertainment  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

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Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

Showboats were Revived and Featured in Vaudeville in 1878.

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

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9. Entertainment  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

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Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

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Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

The First Complete Oratorio in the U.S. was America's first complete presentation of the Handel's Messiah in Boston by the Handel and Haydn Society in 1818.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

Stephen Foster Was Known After "Oh Susanna" (1848) Became Popular with '49ers who traveled West in search of gold.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

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9. Entertainment  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

...

9. Entertainment  19th C. Polyrhythms top    

Physical HIgh - Emotional 1st Qtr.   (1811 - 1817)

Lyrics to "The Star-Spangled Banner" were written by Francis Scott Key during the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in 1814.

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10. Sports  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

New York State prohibited Public Horse Races in 1802, leaving the only races held to be by private jockey clubs.

Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

Horses and Horse Racing Grew in Popularity with Public Fascination at this time. Thoroughbreds were imported at very high prices and the sport of Racing drew more interested fan. Widespread mourning came in Virginia for the death of a famous race horse named "Diomed." The first recorded trotting contest occurred when "Boston Blue" did the mile in less than three minutes in 1818, bringing $1,000 in winnings to his supporters.

Competitive Rowing Races Were Popular in 1811. A race between "Knickerbocker" of New York City and "Invincible" of Long Island attracted thousands of enthusiasts ("Knickerbocker" won).

Boxing grew in popularity and Jacob Hoyer called himself America's first boxing champion when he defeated Tom Beasley in 1816.

 

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

Boston's First Cricket Club was organized in 1809 and it spread westward to English settlers. Cricket was already being played in America by this time but it lost in popularity to baseball.

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

Football was Prohibited at Yale and Violators were Reported & Fined in 1822.

Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

The English Game of "Rounders" Became Baseball in 1839.

Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

Baseball Soared After the War and the National Association Included 91 Clubs in 1865.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

US Golf was established in 1888.

The First All-American Football team appeared in 1889.

Basketball Was Invented by physical education teacher James A. Naismith as an indoor substitute for baseball and football in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1891.

 

Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

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10. Sports  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

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Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

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Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

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10. Sports  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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10. Sports  19th C. Polyrhythms top    
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11. Fashion   19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

Styles of the Middle and Lower Classes Set the Trends as Americans sought to contrast with nobility, and long trousers became the style.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

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Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

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11. Fashion  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

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Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

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Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

Women's Fashions Became Simpler and More Feminine in the early century, perhaps borrowing from the influence of the romantic movement and French fashion. Elaborate billowing gowns and hoop skirts of old aristocracy were replace with lighter dresses that were low-cut and sleeveless. Hair was became shorter, not piled high. The Physo-Emotional 4th Quarters of the previous decade contributed to the ongoing abandonment of designs with the Emotional High of this decade kept femininity in fashion.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

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11. Fashion  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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11. Fashion  19th C. Polyrhythms top    
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12. Lifestyles  19th C. Physical Cycle top    

Physical Low (1789 - 1803)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1796 - 1803)

"Johnny Appleseed" Visited Pioneer Settlements in the Ohio Valley in 1800. This horticulturalist name John Chapman distributed religious materials, young apple trees and apple seeds to settlers traveling to the region. This seeding of the territory is metaphorically perfect for the rising 4th Quarter Progressivism that lead the the emergence of a new Cycle.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1803 - March 21, 1804)

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Physical High (1803 - 1817)

The First Massive Highway Construction Project by the federal government began with work on the National Road in 1811. The first part of the road was known as the Cumberland Road because it connected Cumberland, Maryland, and it already linked to Baltimore with Wheeling, (in what is now West Virginia). The Cumberland Road was completed in 1818. The National Road was the main route west for settlers and main route east for farm products going to cities.

Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1803 - 1810)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1810 - 1817)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1817 - March 21, 1818)

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Physical Low (1817 - 1831

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1817 - 1824)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1824 - 1831)

Robert Owen Pioneered a Utopian Experiment at New Harmony, Indiana in 1825 as an alternative community.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1831 - March 21, 1832)

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Physical High (1831 - 1845)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1831 - 1838)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1838 - 1845)

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Physical Downward Crossover March 21, 1845 - March 21, 1846)

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Physical Low (1845 - 1859)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1845 - 1852)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1859)

Ole Broneman attempted "Oleana" Community in Pennsylvania in 1852.

Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1859 - March 21, 1860)

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Physical High (1859 - 1873)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1859 - 1866)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1866 - 1873)

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Physical Downward Crossover (March 21, 1873 - March 21, 1874)

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Physical Low (1873 - 1887)

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Physical 3rd Qtr. Review (1873 - 1880)

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Physical 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1880 - 1887)

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Physical Upward Crossover (March 21, 1887 - March 21, 1888)

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Physical High (1897 - 1901)

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Physical 1st Qtr. Foundation (1887 - 1894)

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Physical 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1894 - 1901)

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12. Lifestyles  19th C. Emotional Cycle top    

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Emotional Low (1793 - 1811)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1793 - 1802)

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Emotional 4th  Qtr. Alternatives (1802 - 1811)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1811 - March 21, 1812)

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Emotional High (1811 - 1829)

Freedom Movements for Black Slaves came forth at the Emotional High increase humanitarian values. In 1816 in Washington, a Presbyterian clergyman name Robert Ginley founded the American Colonization Society to resettle freed blacks in Africa. This program led to the establishment of the African republic of Liberia. In 1817 a group for distinguished Virginians in Richmond founded the American Society for the Return of Negroes to Africa and sends Negroes to Sierra Leone. It was this group that bought and established the neighboring area called Liberia.

1827 First Mardi-Gras Celebration Held in New Orleans, LA.

Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1811 - 1820)

1848 Modern Feminism Begins w/Women's Rights Convention in NY

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1820 - 1829)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1829 - March 21, 1830)

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Emotional Low (1829 - 1840)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1829 - 1838)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1838 - 1847)

1840 Transcendentalists Emerge in Philosophy, Lit. & Community
1844 Fruitlands Utopian Community Begun near Harvard, Mass.
1845-47 Walden Experiment Conducted by Thoreau

Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1847 - March 21, 1848)

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Emotional High (1847 - 1865)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1847 - 1856)

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Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1856 - 1865)

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Emotional Downward Crossover (March 21, 1865 - March 21, 1866)

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Emotional Low (1865 - 1883)

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Emotional 3rd Qtr. Review (1865 - 1874)

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Emotional 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1874 - 1883)

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Emotional Upward Crossover (March 21, 1883 - March 21, 1884)

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Emotional High (1883 - 1901)

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Emotional 1st Qtr. Foundation (1883 - 1892)

1886 1st settlement house, the Neighborhood Guild, Established in New York City by Dr. Stanton Coit.

Emotional 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1892 - 1901)

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12. Lifestyles  19th C. Intellectual Cycle top    

Intellectual Low (1797 - 1819)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1797 - 1808)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1808 - 1819)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1819 - March 21, 1820)

1841 D Whigs Denounce Pres. Tyler, Entire Cabinet Except Webster Resigns

Intellectual High (1819 - 1842)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1819 - 1830)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1830 - 1841)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1841 - March 21, 1842)

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Intellectual Low (1841 - 1863)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1841 - 1852)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1852 - 1863)

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Intellectual Upward Crossover (March 21, 1863 - March 21, 1864)

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Intellectual High (1863 - 1885)

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Intellectual 1st Qtr. Foundation (1863 - 1874)

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Intellectual 2nd Qtr. Expansion (1874 - 1885)

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Intellectual Downward Crossover (March 21, 1885 - March 21, 1886)

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Intellectual Low (1885 - 1917)

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Intellectual 3rd Qtr. Review (1885 - 1896)

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Intellectual 4th Qtr. Alternatives (1896 - 1907)

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12. Lifestyles  19th C. Polyrhythms top    
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